Fair Trade helps farmers and communities in many ways. Fair Trade guarantees fair minimum prices for producers. It encourages sustainable, organic farming practices. And Fair Trade returns a premium to the farming community itself, via farming cooperatives, for improvements.
The ten principles of Fair Trade, as described by the World Fair Trade Organization, are:
Creating opportunities for economically disadvantaged producers
Transparency and accountability
Fair trading practices
Payment of a fair price
Ensuring no child labor and forced labor
Commitment to non-discrimination, gender equity and freedom of association
Ensuring good working conditions
Providing capacity building
Promoting fair trade
Respect for the environment (maximize use of local, sustainable raw materials)
Organic foods are food products that are certified by the USDA to meet the regulations of the National Organic Program. The NOP logo assures consumers that the organic foods they purchase are consistent with federal standards. Farmers and food producers who don't meet the USDA's standards may not use the logo.
Diet and Health
Diet and nutrition are closely linked to health. Poor nutrition can lead to chronic health problems due to vitamin deficiency. A healthy diet is important for lowering health risks like heart disease, diabetes, obesity and cancer.